A discussion on sociological theories of drug use and abuse in the united states
Eventually the Addiction Research Center, under the leadership of C.
The technical papers of the second report include studies on patterns and consequences of drug use, social responses to drug use, the legal system and drug control, and treatment and rehabilitation. Punishing race: A continuing American dilemma.
Psychological Explanations Psychological explanations join biological explanations in focusing on why certain individuals are more likely than others to use drugs and to be addicted to drugs Hanson et al.
Describe how drug misuse contributes to family problems, crime, economic costs, and health problems and environment costs. University science departments contributed some of their own funds to these studies.
Mertons theory of addiction
Most research on genetic predisposition has focused on alcohol and alcoholism Hanson et al. Google Scholar Schur, Edwin M. Illegal drug use is even functional for the criminal justice system, as it helps provide jobs for the police, court officials, and prison workers who deal with illegal drugs. Lipton, Barry Spunt, and Thomas Miller. The 29 percent drop in was the most severe to date in NIDA's history. Furthermore, pharmaceutical companies themselves conducted research on analgesics, although their practice of sending new drugs for testing under the committee's auspices suggests that their programs in this area were not comprehensive. Ztsch Neurologic Psychiatry
Marihuana: A Signal of Misunderstanding. Google Scholar Inciardi, James A.
Substance abuse in sociology
Compare the legal status, extent of usage, demographic characteristics of users, and the negative effects of the following drugs: alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, cocaine and methamphetamine, heroin, prescription drugs, and synthetic drugs. Federal drug policy became concentrated on narcotics control through law enforcement, and prevention and treatment were deemphasized. Chapter 3 Notes After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Define the term drug from a pharmacological and sociological perspective. Describe how drug misuse contributes to family problems, crime, economic costs, and health problems and environment costs. Himmelsbach, was established at Lexington to determine the addictive liability of various compounds. New York: Praeger. The Narcotic Drug Problem. Archives of Internal Medicine The general conclusion drawn from this debate over antibodies and toxins was that there was no organic basis for addiction and withdrawal and that these phenomena were "functional" or "psychological. Ztsch Neurologic Psychiatry Chicago: Aldine. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Society must balance individual rights and civil liberties against the personal and social harm that drugs promote: Fetal alcohol syndrome. As we discussed earlier, racial and ethnic prejudice played an important role in why these common drugs in the nineteenth century became illegal: prejudice against Chinese immigrants for opium, prejudice against African Americans for cocaine, and prejudice against Mexican Americans for marijuana.
Delinquency and Opportunity. For example, the penalties for crack are much harsher, gram for gram, than those for powder cocaine, even though the two drugs are pharmacologically identical.
Narcotic drug addiction: II.
Symbolic interactionism and drug use
Tonry, M. Hope was great that the key to addiction had been found and that eventually a treatment as effective as that against diphtheria would be developed. Research sponsored by the committee was varied and included studies of methadone as well as the opiate antagonists nalorphine, naloxone, and naltrexone. University science departments contributed some of their own funds to these studies. Chemisches und physikalisch-chemisches aum problem der "Suchten" und "Entziehungserscheinungen," insbesonders des morphinismus und cocainisums. In , the Supreme Court ratified the federal government's interpretation of the laws. Traffic in Opium and Other Dangerous Drugs. Application of the concept of ''autointoxication" to research on narcotic dependence emerged from the theories of Elie Metchnikoff, who won a Nobel Prize in medicine in for his work on toxins thought to be the product of fermentation in the large intestine Metchnikoff, Sollier P. Google Scholar Wisotsky, Steven. Its final report, Dealing with Drug Abuse Wald, , analyzed in detail the great gaps in basic knowledge of drug actions within the body, psychological factors involved in deciding to use drugs, and the role of drugs in contemporary American society; it also made a strong appeal for more research. All rights reserved. Explain the structural-functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionist view of drug use, including how the concept of anomie contributes to the understanding of drug use, the influence of power differentials and inequality on drug use and the criminalization of drugs, and how social interaction and symbolic meanings contribute to drug use and to public acceptance of ameliorative programs.
Google Scholar Trebach, Arnold S. Chicago; University of Chicago Press.
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