Step 3: Informal Argument, Not so Freestyle Once students have argued without the support of any kind of research or text, I would set up a second debate; this time with more structure and more time to research ahead of time.
I would encourage students to share their work with peers and give feedback at all stages of the writing process. Meanwhile, students who have their plans in order will be allowed to move on to the next step.
Enrichment: Ask students to write an argument essay about a piece of literature they are reading. Work with the students to narrow the patterns to a manageable list and re-read the text, this time looking for more instances of the pattern that you may have missed before you were looking for it.
You may also wish to point out the absence of a counterargument in this example. Ask students to clarify what makes this kind of text an argument as opposed to persuasion.
This can be done as a stand-alone exercise, or you could use this as the start to a full argument essay project. Keep in touch. During this time, I would move around the room, helping students solve problems and offering feedback on whatever part of the piece they are working on.
It is good for them to stretch their minds and think from other viewpoints every now and then!